Today Al Reach is largely a forgotten figure here in North Brooklyn where he began his baseball career, But Reach not only became the first openly professional baseball player in 1864, but he also went on to co-found the Philadelphia Phillies and become a millionaire – not bad for an immigrant kid who began life working twelve hour days in a Greenpoint shipyard.
Reach was born in 1840 in London, England, but he followed his father to America and lived in Williamsburg. When Reach was a teenager in the 1850’s, the East River was lined with shipyards and Reach got a job doing the grueling work of a shipwright, working ten to twelve hours a day in the days before power tools.
Baseball was also exploding on the scene in America, but nowhere was the sport more popular than here in Brooklyn. Most of the teams were composed of the sons of well-to-do families who could allow their sons the leisure to play the game. Greenpoint also formed a team, but it was not composed of rich kids sons. Its team, the Eckford Club, was made up of shipwrights like Reach who worked 60 to 72 hours per week. Though they had little time to practice, the grueling nature of their work left them very strong and fit and it is little wonder that the team proved successful.
Reach was never a great power hitter, but he was a great fielder. Many sources give him credit for being the first baseman who for the first time played off the bag allowing him to turn balls hit through the infield into outs.
Baseball was evolving in the 1850s and there is a lot of conjecture about the rules of the game. Pitching was underhand and many of the modern pitches had yet to be born. The game was still amateur and players played simply for love of the game. The Civil War interrupted baseball for many players, but the Eckford Club still played on and in 1862 and 1863 the Greenpoint club won the National title, making them the best club in America, but money would soon destroy the proud local baseball team.
The 1862 and 1863 championships were held at the Union Grounds in Williamsburg, the first fully enclosed baseball stadium. The Eckford Club’s victory on its home grounds was the cause for jubilant celebrations. The thousands of fans who showed up for the championship showed observers there was the potential for ticket money in baseball. Teams began to charge and offer players money under the table to join their squads.
The first player to admit to being a paid professional was Reach who jumped to the Philadelphia Athletics in 1864. His salary was $25 a week. When the National Association began, he helped them win the first professional baseball pennant in 1871. Upon his retirement from playing in 1875, he co-founded the Philadelphia Phillies. Later, Just like his co-owner Albert Spalding, Reach began a sporting goods company and earned millions. Reach was the trademark name used on the game balls for the American League until 1976.
Ironically, Reach sold the Phillies in 1899 because he believed that money was ruining baseball. He died in 1928 and was later honored with a marker in Philadelphia for his contribution to the game, but here in his hometown where he first began to play he is sadly a forgotten figure.
Very Interesting. Also still a battle today is who invented baseball. Was it Spaulding or Abner Doubleday?
Actually Reach was part of a commission that created the fiction that
Abner Doubleday invented baseball. Maybe I will even write a piece about it.
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